Friday , 18 August 2017


Gold & Silver Warrants Index (GSWI) Update

 Gold & Silver Company Warrants Warrant Your Attention

I read article after article on physical gold and silver, gold and silver ETFs and gold and silver mining company stocks but nary a one (other than those written by me) on  the long-term warrants associated with a few of those companies. That is unfortunate because those who are in the know, and have taken advantage of  the significant leverage warrants offer over any other precious metals investment alternatives, have done extremely well over the past 2 years and are positioned to achieve even greater returns on their dollars deployed here in 2011. Let me take this opportunity to enlighten you on the wonderful rewarding world of warrants. Words: 1569

So says Lorimer Wilson (www.FinancialArticleSummariesToday.com) and editor of  www.munKNEE.com  (It’s all about Money!). Please note that this paragraph must be included in any article reposting with a link to the article* source below to avoid copyright infringement. Wilson goes on to say:

The galaxy of warrants trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange ($TSX) and the Toronto Venture Stock Exchange ($CDNX) consists of only 167 stars (i.e. constituents) in total as of May 31st,2011 of which only 40 are associated with 34 commodity-related stocks that have sufficient brightness (i.e. 24+ months duration) to warrant (the pun is intended!) the attention of earthly investors and make up the entirety of my proprietary Commodity Company Warrants Index (CCWI). See here (1) for details. Of those 40 LT warrants only 24 are associated with just 20 gold and silver companies and they make up the entirety of my select, and proprietary, Gold and Silver Warrants Index (GSWI). No wonder no one knows anything about this type of investment when it is restricted to only 14% of all long-term warrants currently trading and just 20 companies in total!

What Are Warrants?

Warrants are  securities which gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to acquire the underlying securities at predetermined (i.e. exercise) prices and within a specified period of time (i.e. term or duration).

The Gold and Silver Warrants Index (GSWI)

The 20 companies in the equal dollar-weighted GSWI are primarily involved in gold and silver mining, exploration and royalty stream endeavours and consist of the following particulars:

1. Number of Warrants by Months of Duration

Since all warrants have life durations and begin to lose value as they approach their respective expiry dates only the 24 warrants of the 20 companies (4 companies have 2 warrants each) which have at least 24 months term before expiry are included in this analysis. The breakdown by duration of the 24 warrants is as follows:

  • 3 (12%) 60+ months (Franco-Nevada wt.A, New Gold wt. A, Crocodile Gold wt.) ; 
  • 5 (21%) 48 – 59 months (Dundee Precious Metals wt. A, Gran Columbia wt., Primero Mining wt., Rio Novo Gold wt., Sandstorm Gold wt.A);
  • 10 (42%) 36 – 47 months;
  • 6 (25%) 24 – 35 months

2. Number of Companies With Warrants by Market Capitalization

Most financial writers and advisors are of the mistaken impression that warrants are just associated with penny stocks – the ‘juniors’ – but, as the breakout of gold and silver companies with LT warrants by market cap  shows below, that is not entirely the case:

  • 5 (25%) large-cap (Kinross Gold; Agnico-Eagle; Franco-Nevada; Silver Wheaton; New Gold)
  • 4 (20%) mid/small-cap
  • 11 (55%) micro/nano-cap in size

3. Type of Activity by Company with Warrants

Type of activity each company is involved in is as follows: 

  • 17 (85%) are miners
  • 3 (15%) are royalty stream companies of which
  • a) 1 deals exclusively in gold (Sandstorm Gold);                                                                                                                                     
  • b) 1 deals exclusively in silver (Silver Wheaton) and                                                                                                                                   
  • c) 1 deals in gold and silver plus other commodities (Franco-Nevada).

Comparing the Performance of the GSWI with Other Gold & Silver Alternatives

The GSWI was up +92% in 2010 (and +140% in 2009!) in U.S. dollar terms which was greater than the:  

  • 55% increase in a basket of mid- and small-cap miners as represented by the GDXJ;    
  • 33% increase in the HUI and GDX (large/mid cap gold and silver mining company stocks);     
  • 30% increase in gold bullion and even the                                          
  • 83% in physical silver.

The GSWI Constituent Company Specifics

The constituents of the GSWI are listed below with the following information presented as follows: Company Name; market capitalization; TSX/TSXV warrant symbol; (U.S. Pink Sheets** symbol); warrant expiry date; warrant CUSIP* Number; web site URL:

(* CUSIP stands for the Committee on Uniform Security Information Procedures of the American Bankers Association which established a format of unique codes for all North American stocks, bonds, puts, calls, warrants, etc. as assigned by Standard and Poor’s. The CUSIP number consists of a combination of 9 characters, both letters and numbers, which act as a sort of DNA for the security uniquely identifying the company or issuer and the type of security. The first 6 characters identify the issuer and are assigned in alphabetical order; the 7th and 8th characters, which can be alphabetical or numerical, identify the type of issue; the last digit is used as a check digit. (The use of such numbers is imperative for non-Canadians when placing orders with a broker to avoid any confusion related to specifically which warrant is being requested to be bought or sold.)

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(** Pink Sheets is the registered name for a privately owned company that operates a centralized quotation service that collects and distributes market maker quotations for securities traded in the over-the-counter market. The service is named for the color of the sheets on which the National Quotation Bureau originally distributed bid and ask quotations for OTC securities. In 1999 Pink Sheets introduced its Electronic Quotation Service, which provides real-time quotes for OTC equities and bonds. The .pk behind a stock simply means the stock in question is traded on the pink sheets. It is a 5-alpha symbol ending in ‘F’ for Foreign).

  1. Agnico-Eagle; $11B; T.AEM.wt.U; December 2013; 008474140; www.agnico-eagle.com
  2. Augen Gold; $54M; V.GLD.wt; October 2014; 05104R120;www.augengold.ca
  3. Astral Mining; $3.5M; V.AA.wt; October 2014; 046349130; www.astralmining.com
  4. Bridgeport Ventures; $32M; T.BPV.wt; October 2014; 108404112; www.bridgeportventures.net
  5. Brigus Gold; $189M; a) T.BRD.wt; November 2014; 109490110; b) T.BRD.wt.A; November 2014; 109490136; www.brigusgold.com
  6. Crocodile Gold; 24M; T.CRK.wt; March 2016; N/A; www.crocgold.com
  7. Dundee Precious Metals; $623M; T.DPM.wt.A; (DNPMF.pk); November 2015; 265269134; www.dundeeprecious.com
  8. ECU Silver; $203M; T.ECU.wt; February 2014; 26830P121; www.ecu.ca
  9. Endeavour Mining; $309M; T.EDV.wt.A; February 2014; G3040R133; www.endeavourminingcapital.com
  10. Franco-Nevada; $3.6B; a) T.FNV.wt.A; June 2017; 351858139; b) T.FNV.wt.B; July 2013; 35185814; www.franco-nevada.com
  11. Gran Colombia; $283M; T.GCM.wt; August 2015; 38501D113; No Web site
  12. Kinross Gold; $12.3B; a) T.K.wt.C; (KNRSF.pk); September 2013; 496902172; b) T.K.wt.D; September 2014; 496902180; www.kinross.com
  13. New Gold; $2.5B; T.NGD.wt.A; (NGDAF.pk); June 2017; 644535122; www.newgoldinc.com
  14. Northquest; $8M; V.NQ.wt; December 2014; 666676119; www.northquest.biz
  15. Papuan Precious Metals; $24M; V.PAU.wt; July 2013; 69887W110; www.papuanpreciousmetals.com
  16. Primero Mining; $456M; T.P.wt; July 2015; 74164W114; www.primeromining.com
  17. Rio Novo Gold; $156M; T.RN.wt; March 2015; G75700123; www.rnovogold.com
  18. Sandstorm Gold; $187M; a) V.SSL.wt; April 2014; 80013R115; b) V.SSL.wt.A; October 2015; 80013R123; www.sandstormresources.com
  19. Silver Wheaton; $8.5B; T.SLW.wt.U; (SLVWF.pk); September 2013; 828336149; www.silverwheaton.com
  20. U.S. Silver; $68M; V.USA.wt; July 2014; 90343P119; www.us-silver.com

Which Warrants Should You Invest In?

Now that you know which companies constitute the LT warrant asset class, which commodities they are involved in, when their warrants expire and what their respective symbols and CUSIP numbers are, all you need to start investing in them is to decide on your approach. Warrants perform in relationship to that of their associated stock so their purchase should not be done without considerable research.

a) Given the fact that no warrant ETFs are available to buy you could buy a basket of warrants consisting of an equal number of warrants from every company mentioned above. As an example. if you were to restrict your warrants portfolio to just those of gold and silver companies, and just 100 warrants of each LT offering, it would amount to approximately $8,000 at today’s prices plus commission expenses.

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b) You could do your own due diligence of each of the 20 companies and decide which company or companies are to your liking and purchase their associated warrants accordingly.

c) You could restrict your selection of companies early on by:

  • management experience/reputation;
  • specific products (gold or silver); 
  • business emphasis  (producers, developers, explorers or royalty payers); 
  • market capitalization (large, mid/small, micro/nano);  
  • countries of operation (world-wide, excl. Africa, excl. Venezula, etc.);
  • stock /company fundamentals;
  • technical analysis of stock;
  • expiry date of warrant;
  • price volatility of stock/warrant;
  • degree of liquidity of stock/warrant;
  • trading depth of stock/warrant;
  • currency in which stock/warrant trades

d) You could do b) or c) above and then, and only then if your primary intent is to hopefully be in a position to exercise your warrants and acquire their associated stock at some future date, finally restrict your purchases to those warrants that provide the best value related to their future leverage potential based on specific appreciation of their associated stock and the number of months duration remaining for the warrants under consideration.

To learn why you should buy the long-term warrants of commodity-related (and particularly gold and silver) companies and exactly how to go about doing so please read this (2) article.

Conclusion

Now that the ‘secret’ is out you can’t help but agree that warrants warrant your serious consideration – and now you know which ones to give consideration to and what factors should be taken into consideration before placing an order.

Disclosure: Naturally, I own warrants from the above list. With returns like I have outlined above, who wouldn’t! Having said the aforementioned, however, please do your own due diligence or seek the advice of a knowledgeable consultant.

*Original Source: http://www.munknee.com/2011/06/gold-silver-warrants-index-gswi-update/

Article Titles and Links Referenced Above:

  1. The “Secret” World of Gold & Silver Company Warrants  http://www.munknee.com/2011/05/the-secret-world-of-gold-silver-company-warrants/
  2. Buying Gold & Silver Company Warrants is Easy & Profitable – Here’s How (and Why!)  http://www.munknee.com/2011/05/buying-gold-silver-company-warrants-is-easy-profitable-%e2%80%93-here%e2%80%99s-how-and-why/

Editor’s Note:

  • The above article consists of reformatted edited excerpts from the original for the sake of brevity, clarity and to ensure a fast and easy read. The author’s views and conclusions are unaltered.
  • Permission to reprint in whole or in part is gladly granted, provided full credit is given as per paragraph 2 above.
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Warrants