Sunday , 20 August 2017


Gold Standard Should Replace “Exorbitant Privilege” of USD Reserve Currency Status – Here’s Why

The least imperfect monetary system by which civilized nations can conduct their Gold-bars-on-100-and-50-dollar-billbusiness is the classical gold standard – a system in which every major nation defines its currency as a weight unit of gold. [Let me explain.] Words: 890

So writes Lewis E. Lehrman in edited excerpts from his original article* as posted on DailyReckoning.com under the title The Least Imperfect Monetary System.
[The following article is presented by  Lorimer Wilson, editor of www.FinancialArticleSummariesToday.com and www.munKNEE.com and the FREE Market Intelligence Report newsletter (sample here – register here) and may have been edited ([ ]), abridged (…) and/or reformatted (some sub-titles and bold/italics emphases) for the sake of clarity and brevity to ensure a fast and easy read. This paragraph must be included in any article re-posting to avoid copyright infringement.]

Lehrman goes on to say in further edited (and perhaps paraphrased in some instances) excerpts:

[The result of a classical gold standard would be]… a multilateral currency system instead of a single country being subsidized the way a reserve currency country like the United States and its dollar is, or the British Empire during the period when sterling was a reserve currency. All countries would exist on an equitable trading basis. Just as working people wouldn’t have any advantages over the financial class on Wall Street, no nation would have an “exorbitant privilege” of issuing its own currency to pay debts that are never settled.

Today, with floating exchange rates and the central bank issuing money directly to the banks through the process of quantitative easing and direct bailouts, the financial class is in a position of getting the money first. It puts the financial class in a position to borrow money at 1% and buy commodities, speculate in stocks and front-run the Fed on buying bonds. As a result, they accrue all of the profitability in the economy long before this money reaches the working people.

The “exorbitant privilege” under the reserve currency — a role of the dollar — is an exorbitant right for the financial and speculator class, who are the supplicants of the Federal Reserve System. They borrow money at virtually zero cost compared with [those of you who]…have to pay 12%, 15%, 20% on your credit card balance, and much higher rates for your mortgages.

The reserve currency role of the dollar — that is to say the unique means of payment worldwide whereby only the United States’ [debtors]…are given the privilege of paying in dollars, both internally and abroad — was referred to by French President Valery Giscard d’Estaing as an “exorbitant privilege”…[which] is a way of describing a [system that has enabled] 15 legislative attempts over the last 20 years by the Congress of the United States to control the budget deficit…[to fail].

Why… has Congress been unsuccessful? [After all,]…these are serious congressmen and senators who want to control the budget deficit. The reason is that there is no institutional restraint on Congress. Congress can run deficits, President Obama can present programs that require debt financing, and this debt financing can be financed abroad by the Federal Reserve issuing new dollars to finance the deficit directly. That’s what they’re doing now with quantitative easing…

When we run balance of payments deficits abroad, we can issue dollars in order to settle them. This [is what] was referred to…as the “exorbitant privilege”…There are 2 principal reasons for the endurance of the reserve currency role of the dollar:

1. Approximately 65% of all invoicing of international trade — not including the trade of the United States itself — is done in dollars and about 75-80% of the commodities market is invoiced in dollars. [As such,]…reserves are collected worldwide in the currency that everybody makes payments in.

There are approximately $10 trillion of reserves globally. There is no markets in the world with the financial assets, both liquid and in their amplitude, that can contain such an enormous level of reserves. The reserves themselves are, in general, a product of the U.S. budget deficits and U.S. balance of payments deficits, so the endurance is underwritten by the fact that the U.S. market — ironically, even perversely — is the only market which can contain all of the deficits it is issuing abroad.

This “exorbitant privilege” exists because the United States wants it to exist. It’s satisfied to have foreigners, among others, finance the budget deficit and its balance of payments deficit and its uninhibited spending inclinations. No one wants to take away the United States’ unrestrained credit card. The United States, most of all, doesn’t wish this to happen.

2. Those nations that absorb these reserves want a place where they can deposit them and then quickly sell them if they have to, and that kind of liquidity is available only in the U.S. markets.

The obverse of that “exorbitant privilege” is that, in order to maintain the dollar’s reserve currency role and in order for the foreign countries to accept it, they’ve had to accept the decline in the value of the dollar. Over the 40-year period since Nixon ended the gold standard, the purchasing power of the dollar has fallen drastically. The purchasing power of real goods and services today is worth about 12-15 cents compared with then.

[The above] shows that the enormous issuance of dollars to finance our deficits may look like the system is continuing, but its price has been paid by the U.S. consumer. [That is why I suggest that] those who really apply themselves to the subject of money will ultimately come out believing the least imperfect monetary system by which civilized nations can conduct their business is the classical gold standard – a system in which every major nation defines its currency as a weight unit of gold.

[Editor’s Note: The author’s views and conclusions in the above article are unaltered and no personal comments have been included to maintain the integrity of the original post. Furthermore, the views, conclusions and any recommendations offered in this article are not to be construed as an endorsement of such by the editor.]

*http://dailyreckoning.com/the-least-imperfect-monetary-system/ (© 2013 Agora Financial, LLC. All Rights Reserved; Lewis E. Lehrman is an investment banker who actively supports the ongoing study of American history from a conservative perspective. He was presented the National Humanities Medal at the White House in 2005 for his scholarly contributions.)

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One comment

  1. There are too many other fiscal “players” on the global market for the USD to continue to stay THE worldwide standard forever; and when little by little deals are made in other currencies, the USD will begin to slip at which time PM’s and their value vs. the USD, will also change dramatically in what I call the upcoming US Dollar Tipping Point.

    Depending upon what causes the shift in the USD’s value (a War vs a new ongoing resource transaction for oil sales), PM’s value will respond accordingly! Think of this as a One-Two combination fiscal punch that will leave those holding only USD reeling, while at the same time all those still holding PM’s will remain much more secure than ever before.