Wednesday , 26 April 2017


What the History of “World” Currency Likely Means for the U.S. Dollar – and Why

It’s common for the world’s most powerful country to issue a currencydollar_slide that becomes adopted around the world as the standard for international trade but whenever that country reaches a point of epic, terminal decline, and especially when it rapidly debases its currency, the rest of the world seeks an alternative. [This article outlines the history of the rise & fall of “world” currencies over the centuries and then comments on what the future likely holds for today’s “world” currency – the U.S. dollar.]

The above introductory comments are edited excerpts from an article* by Simon Black (sovereignman.com) entitled These guys used to issue the world’s reserve currency too. ‏ 

The following article is presented courtesy of Lorimer Wilson, editor of www.munKNEE.com (Your Key to Making Money!)and www.FinancialArticleSummariesToday.com (A site for sore eyes and inquisitive minds) and has been edited, abridged and/or reformatted (some sub-titles and bold/italics emphases) for the sake of clarity and brevity to ensure a fast and easy read. This paragraph must be included in any article re-posting to avoid copyright infringement.

Black goes on to say in further edited excerpts:

The U.S. has been enjoying this special privilege for decades now and, while these changes never happen overnight, it’s clear that the dollar is quickly losing this status.

The U.S. dollar is the most widely used currency in the world for international trade…[but recently there has been a call] for a ‘rebalancing’ of currencies in global trade settlement. The British, French, Canadians, and Swiss are all on board with this trend as are, clearly, the governments of Russia, China, and India.

Below is a history of “world” currencies over the ages:

The Solidus

For hundreds of years the Byzantine Empire coined the most popular reserve currency in the history of the world called the “solidus”, and was introduced by Constantine I in 312 AD.. Merchants all over Europe, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and further, used it in trade for centuries.

The solidus held steady at 4.5 grams of 24-carat gold for nearly seven centuries. Hence its Latin name – ‘solid’. The durability of its purity is nearly unprecedented in the history of money.

Its weight, dimensions and purity remained constant until the 10th century when the government began to debase it. The debasement was gradual at first, then accelerated rapidly and, in a matter of decades, its gold content was reduced to almost zero as the Byzantine Empire was scrambling for cash to finance its numerous wars.

Emperor Alexios I Komenos drastically overhauled the Byzantine coinage system in 1092 and introduced a new gold coin, the hyperpyron but, it too, was soon subject to gradual debasement and by the mid 1200s the hyperpyron’s gold content fell drastically again.

As the saying goes, “Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me” so when the rest of Europe…saw the gold content in the hyperpyron fall, they quickly lost confidence.

The Florin

As the Byzantine Empire became weaker…several small kingdoms in Italy were rising in prosperity, especially Florence, Genoa, and Venice.

The Florentines and the Genoese took up the task and minted a new gold coin called the “florin”, which at 3.5 grams of pure gold was the most wildly circulated trade currency in Europe and around the Mediterranean for a while.

The Ducat

The Venetian “ducat” gained wide international acceptance in the 1400s. The ducat contained 99.47% of fine gold—the highest metallurgical purity possible at the time – and, as the Venetian merchants traveled far and wide, the ducat became an internationally accepted trade currency throughout the world.

Even though he didn’t live in Venice, for example, Leonardo da Vinci was paid by the King of France in Venetian ducats—exactly 400 ducats per year, which in today’s dollars equals to roughly $56,000 (and he didn’t pay any tax…)

The Real de a Ocho

The ducat was ultimately supplanted by the Spanish “real de a ocho”, or Pieces of Eight) with the onset of the Age of Exploration and became so widespread in international trade that they were legal tender in the United States until the mid 19th century.

The clear lesson here is that, while These guys used to issue the world’s reserve currency too, this stuff changes.

Nearly the entire world understands such trends – everyone, it seems, but the United States government – and they’ll be the last ones left in the room after nearly everyone else has headed for the exit, oblivious to their own destruction.

People who understand this shift and get out in front of it will make fortunes. Those who play Ostrich, stick their heads in the sand, and keep all of their eggs in one frail basket, are taking the gamble of their lifetimes.

Editor’s Note: The author’s views and conclusions in the above article are unaltered and no personal comments have been included to maintain the integrity of the original post. Furthermore, the views, conclusions and any recommendations offered in this article are not to be construed as an endorsement of such by the editor.

*http://www.sovereignman.com/trends/these-guys-used-to-issue-the-worlds-reserve-currency-too-14845/ (© 2014 Blacksmith PTE LTD – All rights reserved)

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