Monday , 11 December 2017


Why All the Hullabaloo About U.S. Debt?

Is the debt issue phony? It sure sounds like a lot, doesn’t it? $17 trillion in federal10623945-the-word-debt-in-the-american-flag-colors-americans-in-debt government debt. Wow. It’s a big, scary number, no doubt about it, …and it’s a lot bigger than in years past, but is it really that bad? Could it be that our debt profile has been grossly exaggerated? [I think so. Let me explain why I think that is the case.] 

So writes Arne Alsin (alsincapital.com) in edited excerpts from his original article* entitled Is The Debt Issue Phony?

[The following article is presented by  Lorimer Wilson, editor of www.FinancialArticleSummariesToday.com and www.munKNEE.com and the FREE Market Intelligence Report newsletter (sample hereregister here) and may have been edited ([ ]), abridged (…) and/or reformatted (some sub-titles and bold/italics emphases) for the sake of clarity and brevity to ensure a fast and easy read. This paragraph must be included in any article re-posting to avoid copyright infringement.]

Alsin goes on to say in further edited (and perhaps paraphrased in some places) excerpts:

[In this article] we’re going to take a look at how much debt is costing us as a percentage of GDP to gauge how well (or how poorly) we’re servicing the debt and then look at our resources to see how much we’ve got backstopping the debt.

Before we go any further, though, let’s establish this much:

There is nothing wrong with debt. Debt is not evil. All governments use it, as does every major corporation, even those flush with cash. Debt is a necessary tool, as it allows corporations and governments to operate more efficiently, to manage disparate and inconsistent cash flows.

How much is debt taking out of the economy?

The chart below shows you how much debt service (interest) is costing us, as a percentage of the economy (GDP).

(Click to enlarge)

Ahem. So what’s all the hullabaloo about?

The data show that the cost of public debt is currently below the 10-year average, the 20-year average, the 30-year average. In fact, by this time next year, our debt service costs are expected to drop to levels not seen since the 1960s, to about 1% of GDP.

Wait a minute, the fear mongers will say, what happens when interest rates go up? Not much, it turns out.

The government has locked in low rates on much of the debt and there’s an offset to calculate, as higher tax revenues follow higher interest rates. Furthermore, we have lots of capacity. Our debt service cost could double, to 3% of GDP, and it would still be manageable. That’s the level it was in 1989, the year Reagan left office.

An interesting fact the fear mongers may have neglected to tell you:

A big part of the federal debt is a phantom, an accounting entry booked when one government agency borrows from another government agency. The real debt – the debt owed to outside creditors – is $12 trillion.

Let’s not quibble over a few trillion. As I’m about to show you,

$17 trillion does not constitute excessive debt leverage, given the size of the economy and our assets. In fact, our net assets are way more than the federal debt. Way, way more.

The government belongs to the people. We’re backstopping the debt accrued by the government and, yes, $17 trillion is a lot of coin…[but] the left side of our balance sheet (the asset side) has plenty of heft in it, too…

Net household assets exceeded $75 trillion last quarter, an all-time record. The ratio of $75 trillion in assets to $17 trillion in debt, though not as good as it was under Reagan, is moderate, not excessive. When Reagan left office, we had $18 trillion in net household assets, which covered $2.6 trillion in debt by a healthy margin. Factor in phantom debt and our debt to assets ratio is the same it was under Reagan.

It’s true, we put on several trillion dollars of debt during the credit crisis, but that’s what debt leverage is for, to smooth over rough patches, to provide fresh capital when it’s not readily available.

Relative to assets, and relative to how much it costs us as a percent of GDP – and with apologies to media hounds who need fodder for their content – alas, we do not have a debt problem.

If and when we develop a real debt problem – as opposed to a media fiction – the way to deal with debt is simple: Grow assets. Net household assets double every 10 to 12 years. We should be at $150 trillion in 10 years and $300 trillion in 20 years. My guess is we’ll grow debt more slowly in the years to come, as the economy appears poised for several years of healthy growth. It’s reasonable to expect debt will grow to something like $25 trillion in ten years, and to $40 trillion in twenty years. I’m sure we could comfortably grow debt to $60 trillion over the next twenty years, and we’d generate a lot more assets, but let’s not get greedy. Slow and steady, you know.

Another thing: America won’t pay off its debt, and it shouldn’t. Ever. Our debt isn’t a credit card bill. You can’t compare the American government to a family’s finances. They’re not even close to the same thing. It’s a line of credit, and it will always be rolled over. (Assuming we have good credit, of course.)

Unless we want to do a lot of harm to the economy (it would shrink it), we’re not going to make a dent in the $17 trillion of debt. Debt is going to grow, cherubs. Get over it.

[Editor’s Note: The author’s views and conclusions in the above article are unaltered and no personal comments have been included to maintain the integrity of the original post. Furthermore, the views, conclusions and any recommendations offered in this article are not to be construed as an endorsement of such by the editor.]

* http://alsincapital.com/blog/2013/10/4/is-the-debt-issue-phony

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